Society

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Malta Expats | Maltese Society
[dropcap]I[/dropcap] n keeping with Mediterranean customs, the Maltese Society enjoys a siesta in the afternoons. This lasts for two or three hours after lunch, during which time the majority of shops are closed. As a tourist you are best advised to follow suit and emerge again in the early hours of the evening, when the Maltese go out for an evening stroll, called the passiggata.

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Nationality:

noun: Maltese (singular and plural)

adjective: Maltese

With good reason the Maltese are passionately proud of their culture and history. On the other hand, living on a group of small islands has inevitably led to a certain insularity. While many Maltese, and particularly those who have travelled, are very cosmopolitan, others see their islands as the centre of the universe. This is despite the conspicuous influence of foreign cultures, and the strong links that the locals maintained with Maltese emigrants.
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Ethnic groups:

Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
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Languages:

Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)
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Religion:

Roman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2011 est.)

Malta Expats | Maltese Society

Combine the islands of Malta and Gozo and you have a church or chapel for every day of the year. This is perhaps not surprising, given how devout the Maltese are. Since AD 60, when St Paul was shipwrecked on Malta, religion has formed the solid base of Maltese life. Even for non­churchgoers (the young in particular are kicking their heels against the power of Catholicism), the Church is still the focal point of community life.
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Population:

413,965 (July 2015 est.)
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Age structure:

0-14 years: 15.05% (male 31,943/female 30,341)

15-24 years: 12.22% (male 26,028/female 24,570)

25-54 years: 40.24% (male 85,145/female 81,447)

55-64 years: 13.98% (male 28,702/female 29,185)

65 years and over: 18.5% (male 34,345/female 42,259) (2015 est.)
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Median age:

total: 41.2 years

male: 40 years

female: 42.4 years (2015 est.)
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Population growth rate:

0.31% (2015 est.)
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Birth rate:

10.18 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
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Death rate:

9.09 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
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Net migration rate:

1.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
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Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
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Mother’s mean age at first birth:

26.9

note: data refer to the average of the different childbearing ages of first-order births (2010 est.)

Until relatively recently Maltese society was very male-dominated, most wives readily accepting their place in the home where they had no legal authority over their property, or even their children. However, legislation has given women equal rights, and the number of working mothers is on the increase. As women are gradually becoming more independent and confident, the men are slowly losing their traditional status as head of the household. Female visitors to Malta need not feel threatened by local males. The islands are comparatively safe, and they are unlikely to encounter anything more troublesome than the roving Mediterranean eye.
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Maternal mortality rate:

9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
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 Infant mortality rate:

total: 3.56 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.97 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
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Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 80.25 years

male: 77.92 years

female: 82.71 years (2015 est.)
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Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

28.7% (2014)

Malta Expats | Maltese Society
Customers lined up at a family-run shop for pastizzi, diamond-shaped pastries made with butter and lard and stuffed with ricotta-style cheese or mushy peas, in Paola, Malta. Gianni Cipriano for The New York Times

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Education expenditures:

8% of GDP (2011)
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Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 94.4%

male: 93.1%

female: 95.8% (2015 est.)
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School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 14 years

male: 14 years

female: 15 years (2012)
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Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 13%

male: 15.2%

female: 10.4% (2013 est.)

Surce: CIA World factbook 2016

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